What is a Tympanoplasty?

Tympanoplasty is the  operation  to close a perforation of the eardrum (tympanic membrane).  It is also called a myringoplasty

A perforation of the ear drum may result from middle ear infections, grommet surgery or trauma

The most common symptom of a perforated eardrum is a leaking ear. This happens mostly because of contamination of  the middle ear which is normally a sterile environment . Keeping water out of the affected ear is necessary to avoid this from happening. Wearing a customised swim plug is a convenient way of minimising water contamination.

Other symptoms include a hearing loss if the perforation is large or if there is scarring in the middle ear 

If the perforation does not close by itself, then there is the option of having surgery to close the perforation.